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Aug 10

The agriculture industry in Australia was valued at nearly 54.7 billion Australian dollars by the end of 2021. The country exports agricultural products such as wheat, cattle, and dairy, making farming an integral part of our economy.

Farming may be a good career opportunity for you if you are a fan of nature, love the outdoors, are skilled, and have time management qualities. Plus, you don’t need a specific degree or qualification for it. 

Farming is a fantastic job for someone who loves hard physical work and the laid-back life of farms and fields. If you want to run away from the hustle and bustle of corporate life and start a career in farming, you can find everything you need to know in this article.


What are the requirements to be a Farmer?

You don’t need a formal education to become a Farmer, although having one can help a lot. However, you will require a lot of personal skills, including planning, problem-solving, physical strength, and the willingness to live remotely.

Several courses and educational institutes can help you in your journey as a top-tier Farmer. But for skills, you’d need help from a veteran in the field or relevant life experiences.


Skills and attributes

Being a Farmer is more about skills and experience than it is about qualifications. Farming is a rewarding job but a complex one. You need intense physical and character strength to enjoy your time in a field.

How to become a Farmer in Australia with the right skillset? Here is a list of traits you should acquire before pursuing a career in farming:

  • Planning abilities
  • Organisational skills
  • Supervision skills
  • Administrative qualities
  • Smooth communication
  • Team management
  • A responsible approach to the job
  • Enjoy the outdoors despite the weather conditions



Although qualifications are not mandatory to become a Farmer in Australia, they bring out the best in you and help you stand out amongst competitors.

Several universities and colleges offer certifications and courses that help you navigate your career.

TAFE, universities, and agricultural institutes provide numerous programs that suit a career in farming. You can consider a VET qualification or acquire other credentials that focus on agricultural industries.


Here are a few recommended courses for farmers:




Certificate II in Agriculture

12 months

Australian Agricultural Training, TAFE SA, South Regional TAFE, Central Regional TAFE, TAFE QLD, TAFE NSW, SW TAFE

Certificate III in Agriculture

12 months (on-campus) or 2 years (traineeship)

Federation University, Jobs & Skills WA, TAFE QLD, SW TAFE, TAFE SA

Certificate IV in Agriculture

12 months

TAFE NSW, My Skills, Training, Melbourne Polytechnic, Federation University,

Diploma in Agriculture

18 months

Melbourne Polytechnic, Training, My Skills, Jobs & Skills WA, TAFE QLD


You have the following options for the best degree for farming:




Bachelor of Agriculture

3 years online or 3-6 years on campus

CQ University, the University of Melbourne

Bachelor of Animal Science

3 years off-campus or 4 years on-campus

USQ, Charles Sturt University

Bachelor of Plant Agricultural Science

3 years online or on-campus



To be eligible for these degrees, universities usually require a Senior Secondary Certificate of Education and some experience in farm skills. All institutes have varying requirements, so it is best to contact the university you are seeking admission to for more information.


Similar Careers

The farming industry requires a vast array of knowledge and skills that you can deploy in numerous other professions too.

A few jobs that are similar to farming and allow a smooth career transition are:

  • Farm Manager
  • Aquaculture Farmer
  • Farmworker
  • Agricultural Sales Representative
  • Consulting and research in farming
  • Agronomist
  • Food Production Industrialist
  • Livestock Manager
  • Production Enterprise
  • Land care


How to become a Farmer?

To pursue a career in farming and succeed at it, you will require loads of talent, skills, and hands-on experience.

You can start farming if you own suitable land without any experience. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to be a Farmer:

1. Decide if farming is right for you

First things first. Just like any other field, decide if farming is right for you. Ask yourself the following questions before deciding:


Farming Considerations nexacu


2. Decide what kind of farming you want to get into

Farming has a lot of sub-specialties you can choose from. Decide which one interests you most, depending on your talents, experience, and inclination. Work on the skills and training you may be lacking in your area of interest.

3. Gain Qualifications

Once you have decided on your career path, you will need to gather suitable Farmer qualifications for moving forward. You may want to enrol in a course that caters to your area of interest. A qualification is not necessary but can be a game-changer when you practically enter the industry.

4. Gain Experience

The most crucial part of your farming career will be gaining experience. If you opt for a formal degree in agriculture, universities will offer you considerable hands-on experience on a farm.

Alternatively, if you want to learn what Farmers do, you can work alongside an experienced Farmer as a farmhand and gain valuable experience and understanding of the industry.


Career path

Farming is an in-demand career choice in Australia, where agriculture makes up a significant portion of the country’s economy. Your career as a Farmer is bound to be a stable one since the profession shows promise.


The agriculture industry in Australia is massive, with approximately 41,100 workers. You can get a job in one of the following departments:

  • Corporate farms
  • Agricultural holdings
  • Cattle farms or sheep stations
  • Fisheries
  • Orchids
  • Forsterites
  • Aquaculture
  • Horticulture


The salaries of Farmers in Australia largely depend on numerous factors. These include experience, location, farming style, types of crops, weather conditions, market demand, etc.

An average Farmer in Australia earns nearly AU$59,758 per year. In addition, the Australian government offers grants, subsidies, and other payments on top of their annual income.

Sustainable Agriculture and Protected Cultivation are the areas of expertise that generate the most revenue for farmers.

The cities of Australia where farmers draw the highest salaries are Warrnambool VIC, Sydney NSW, and Tatura VIC.

Here is how experience plays a vital role in a farmer’s income:

Farmer Salary Australia nexacu


Farming jobs in Australia are rising. The industry shows a steady growth rate, with a capacity to accommodate more and more workers over the year.

Around 200,000 businesses in Australia are linked to the agriculture industry in one way or another. Several technologies and transformations are increasing the productivity in the field and promising a better future for farmers.

The agriculture industry employed nearly 44,700 farmworkers in 2020, and the numbers are expected to rise to 45,000 by 2025. Plus, the sector shows a 7% increase in employment rate with 3,000 vacancies approximated in the next five years.

Related careers

A few related jobs that allow a seamless shift for a Farmer include:

  • Agricultural Scientist
  • Agricultural Technician
  • Animal Technician
  • Agricultural Technician Officer
  • Farmhand
  • Farm Technician
  • Aquaculture Technician
  • Jackeroo
  • General Gardener
  • Livestock Farmer
  • Shearer
  • Wool Classer


FAQs / Resources

How do I start farming?

If you own a piece of land, you can start farming without prior experience. And if you do not own land, look for opportunities as a farmhand or farmworker at a property owned by someone else.

What are the requirements for Farmers?

Farmers require a piece of property for farming, a source of irrigation for the crops, farming supplies such as seeds, pesticides, fertilisers, farming tools such as a rake, spade, sickle, and agricultural machinery such as harvester, tractor, etc.

How do I become a Farmer with no money?

Many farm or property owners who do not live there look for farmhands or farmworkers. You can look for employment opportunities if you cannot afford to buy your land.

Can you be a Farmer without a degree?

Yes. A degree is helpful for a successful career but not mandatory.

What can you farm on 1 acre?

You can farm potatoes, sweet potatoes, beans, cabbage, or lettuce on a one-acre farm. Potato is a prevalent crop in Australia and accounts for one-third of the country’s produce.

What is the easiest farm to start?

Flowers, Ginseng, herbs, and landscaping shrubs are the easiest plants to grow. Whereas ducks are the easiest animals to grow for eggs and meat.

How do small farms make money?

People with small farms send vegetables and seedlings. Plus, they grow animals such as ducks, hens, and goats and sell their meat and manure for money. Register your small farm on AirBnB to rent it out for guests. 

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