Brianna Higgins Aug 07, 2022
farmer in field holding crops

The agriculture industry in Australia was valued at nearly 54.7 billion Australian dollars by the end of 2021. Farming is a fantastic job for someone who enjoys hard physical work and the laid-back life of farms and fields. If you want to escape from the hustle and bustle of corporate life and start a career in farming, you can find everything you need to know in this article.


What are the requirements to be a Farmer?

There is no prerequisite of formal education to become a Farmer. However, you will require a lot of personal skills, including planning, problem-solving, physical strength, and the willingness to live remotely. Several courses and educational institutes can help you in your journey as a top-tier Farmer.

Skills and attributes

Being a Farmer is more about skills and experience than it is about qualifications. Farming is a rewarding but complex job. You need strong physical and character strength to enjoy your time in a field.

So how can you become a Farmer in Australia? Here is a list of traits you should consider before pursuing a career in farming:

  • Planning abilities
  • Organisational skills
  • Supervision skills
  • Administrative qualities
  • Smooth communication
  • Team management
  • A responsible approach to the job
  • Enjoy spending time outdoors



Although qualifications are not mandatory to become a Farmer in Australia, they can help you stand out amongst your competitors.

Several universities and training companies offer certifications and courses that can help you navigate your career.

TAFE, universities, and agricultural institutes provide numerous programs that are suitable for a career in farming. You can consider a VET qualification or acquire other credentials that focus on agricultural industries.

Courses - Farmer

To be eligible for these degrees, universities usually require a Senior Secondary Certificate of Education or some sort of agricultural experience. All institutes have varying requirements, so it is best to contact the university you are interested in for their enrolment information.


Similar Careers

The farming industry requires a vast array of knowledge and skills that you can apply in numerous other professions too.

A few jobs that are similar to farming and allow a smooth career transition are:

  • Farm Manager
  • Aquaculture Farmer
  • Farmworker
  • Agricultural Sales Representative
  • Consulting and research in farming
  • Agronomist
  • Food Production Industrialist
  • Livestock Manager
  • Production Enterprise
  • Land care


How to become a Farmer?

To pursue a career in farming and succeed at it, you will need talent, skills, and hands-on experience. You can also start farming if you own suitable land without any experience. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to become a Farmer:

1. Decide if farming is right for you

First things first. Just like any other field, decide if farming is right for you. Ask yourself the following questions before deciding:


Farming Considerations nexacu


2. Decide what kind of farming you want to get into

Farming has a number of sub-divisions you can choose from. Decide which one interests you most, depending on your talents, experience, and personality. From here, you can develop the skills you may be lacking in your area of interest.

3. Gain Qualifications

Once you have decided on your career path, you will need to gain relevant qualifications for moving forward. You may want to enrol in a course that caters to your area of interest. A qualification is not necessary but can be a game-changer when you enter the industry. 

4. Gain Experience

The most crucial part of your farming career will be gaining experience. If you opt for a formal degree in agriculture, most universities will offer you considerable hands-on experience on a farm.

Alternatively, if you want to learn what Farmers do, you can work alongside an experienced Farmer as a Farmhand to gain valuable experience and understanding of the industry.


Career path

Farming is an in-demand career choice in Australia, as agriculture makes up a significant portion of the country’s economy. As such, the career demand for farmers is likely to remain relatively constant in the future.


The agriculture industry in Australia is substantial, with approximately 265,000 workers. You can get a job in one of the following departments:

  • Corporate farms
  • Agricultural holdings
  • Cattle farms or sheep stations
  • Fisheries
  • Orchids
  • Forsterites
  • Aquaculture
  • Horticulture


The salaries of Farmers in Australia depend on numerous factors. These include experience, location, farming style, types of crops, weather conditions, market demand, etc.

An average Farmer in Australia earns nearly AU$59,758 per year. In addition, the Australian government offers grants, subsidies, and other payments on top of this annual income.

Sustainable Agriculture and Protected Cultivation are the areas of expertise that generate the most revenue for farmers.

The cities of Australia where farmers draw the highest salaries are Warrnambool VIC, Sydney NSW, and Tatura VIC.

Here is how experience plays a vital role in a farmer’s income:

Farmer Salary Australia nexacu


Farming jobs in Australia are rising. The industry shows a steady growth rate, with a capacity to accommodate more workers over the coming years. The agriculture industry employed nearly 44,700 farmworkers in 2020, and the numbers are expected to rise to 45,000 by 2025. The sector predicts a 7% increase in employment rate with 3,000 vacancies approximated in the next five years.

Around 200,000 businesses in Australia are linked to the agriculture industry in one way or another. Several technologies and transformations are increasing productivity in the field and promising a better future for farmers.

Related careers

A few related jobs that allow a seamless shift for a Farmer include:

  • Agricultural Scientist
  • Agricultural Technician
  • Animal Technician
  • Agricultural Technician Officer
  • Farmhand
  • Farm Technician
  • Aquaculture Technician
  • Jackeroo
  • General Gardener
  • Livestock Farmer
  • Shearer
  • Wool Classer


FAQs / Resources

How do I start farming?

If you own a piece of land, you can start farming without prior experience. And if you do not own land, look for opportunities as a farmhand or farmworker at a property owned by someone else.

What are the requirements for Farmers?

Farmers require a piece of property for farming, a source of irrigation for the crops, farming supplies such as seeds, pesticides, fertilisers, farming tools such as a rake, spade, sickle, and agricultural machinery such as a harvester, tractor, etc.

How do I become a Farmer with no money?

Many farm or property owners who do not live there look for farmhands or farm workers. You can look for employment opportunities if you cannot afford to buy your land.

Can you be a Farmer without a degree?

Yes. A degree is helpful for a successful career but not mandatory.

What can you farm on 1 acre?

You can farm potatoes, sweet potatoes, beans, cabbage, or lettuce on a one-acre farm. Potato is a prevalent crop in Australia and accounts for one-third of the country’s produce.

What is the easiest farm to start?

Flowers, Ginseng, herbs, and landscaping shrubs are the easiest plants to grow. Whereas ducks are the easiest animals to grow for eggs and meat.

How do small farms make money?

People with small farms send vegetables and seedlings. Plus, they grow animals such as ducks, hens, and goats and sell their meat and manure for money. Register your small farm on AirBnB to rent it out for guests. 

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